Built in 1892 by the consul of Iran Mirza Riza Khan, the bright blue Firuza palace is at the entrance of Borjomi’s Mineral Water Park.
The Village Gorelovka contains the Doukhobors Museum, and the village was founded in the 1840’s by the Doukhobors. They were a group of Christian Russians exiled to the region by Tsar Nicholas I. The Doukhobors living in the Ninotsminda Municipality were exiled in the mid-19th century. The word Doukhobor means ‘spirit wrestler’ in Russian. Considered to be heretics by the Orthodox Church in Russia for their rejection of church ritual, many Doukhobors chose exile in the Caucasus region of the Russian empire in the 1840s rather than convert to Orthodoxy. A number settled in the Samtskhe-Javakheti region of Georgia.
Jivani’s House Museum is located in Kartsakhi. The walls of the house-museum exhibition hall are decorated with photographs depicting Jivani’s childhood and his children, as well as various objects related to his life in the Alexandrapol (Gyumri) and Tbilisi regions. Also shown are photos, posters, writings, and Talyan’s and Jivani’s dynasty tree. People contributing to this collection include Jivani’s daughter, Hripsime’s grandson, Jivan Hakobyan, Gagik Varderesyan, and others.
Vardzia is a monastery dating back to the twelfth century AD, located on the banks of the river Mtkvari and is one of the most important historical sites in Georgia. The location, in the middle of a huge gorge, offers unforgettable views. Until this day, some monks still live in those caves.