Samtskhe-Javakheti is one of the oldest and most historical parts of Georgia. In fact, it was part of historical Meskheti which comprised Samtskhe, Javakheti, and historical Tori territories. Today these territories together with other provinces represent current regions of Georgia, or areas that do not belong to modern Georgia anymore. That is why the culture presented here is usually referred to as Meskhetian culture.
Archaeological discoveries, old settlements, ruins of castles and fortresses, and elements of Megalithic civilization indicate that Samtskhe-Javakheti was settled during the Bronze Age or earlier. Moreover, Diauehi (Diauhi or Diaokhi) was one of the first tribal coalitions of possible proto-Georgians who resided in the territory of historical Meskheti. They had an enormous role in the creation of modern Georgia.